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COLON, FIBROID, DIABETES,CANCER HERBS AND CLEANSE


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COLON, FIBROID, DIABETES,CANCER HERBS AND CLEANSE Summary

Causes of colon cancer

Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path of growth, division, and death. Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die.

Programmed cell death is called apoptosis, and when this process breaks down cancer results. Colon cancer cells do not die in the normal way, but instead, continue to grow and divide.

Although scientists do not know exactly what causes these cells to behave this way, they have identified several potential risk factors:

Diagram of colon cancer and polyp
The large intestine

1) Polyps

Colon cancer usually derives from precancerous polyps that exist in the large intestine. The most common types of polypsare:

  • Adenomas: can become cancerous but are usually removed during colonoscopy
  • Hyperplastic polyps: rarely become colon cancer
  • Inflammatory polyps: usually occur after inflammation of the colon (colitis) and may become cancerous

2) Genes - the DNA type

Cells can experience uncontrolled growth if there is damage or mutations to DNA, and therefore, damage to the genes involved in cell division.

Cancer occurs when a cell's gene mutations make the cell unable to correct DNA damage and unable to commit suicide. Similarly, cancer is a result of mutations that inhibit certain gene functions, leading to uncontrollable cell growth.

3) Genes - the family type

Cancer can be the result of a genetic predisposition that is inherited from family members. It is possible to be born with certain genetic mutations or a fault in a gene that makes one statistically more likely to develop cancer later in life.

4) Traits, habits, and diet

Age is an important risk factor for colon cancer; around 90 percent of those diagnosed are over 50. Colon cancers are more likely to occur in people with sedentary lifestyles, obese people, and those who smoke tobacco.

Diet is an important factor associated with colon cancer. Diets that are low in fiber and high in fat, calories, and red meat and processed meats increase the risk of developing colon cancer.

In fact, Western diets increase the risk of colon cancer compared with diets found in developing countries. Heavy alcohol consumption may also increase the risk of colon cancer. Being overweight and physically inactive are also risk factors for developing colon cancer.

5) Other medical factors

There are several diseases and conditions that have been associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. Diabetes, acromegaly (a growth hormone disorder), radiation treatment for other cancers, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease all increase the risk of colon cancer.

Symptoms of colon cancer

Cancer symptoms are quite varied and depend on where the cancer is located, where it has spread, and how big the tumor is.

It is common for people with colon cancer to experience no symptoms in the earliest stages of the disease. However, when the cancer grows, symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Changes in stool consistency
  • Narrow stools
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
  • Pain, cramps, or gas in the abdomen
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Continual urges to defecate
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Iron deficiency (anemia)

If the cancer spreads, or metastasizes, additional symptoms can present themselves in the newly affected area. Symptoms of metastasis ultimately depend on the location to which the cancer has spread, and the liver is the most common place of metastasis.

Diagnosis of colon cancer

In order to diagnose colon cancer, physicians will request a complete physical exam as well as personal and family medical histories. Diagnoses are usually made after the physician conducts a colonoscopy or a barium enema x-ray.

A colonoscopy is a procedure where a long, flexible tube with a camera on one end is inserted into the rectum to inspect the inside of the colon. If polyps are found in the colon, they are removed and sent to a pathologist for biopsy - an examination under a microscope that is used to detect cancerous or precancerous cells.

A barium enema begins with the patient not eating or drinking several hours before the procedure. A liquid solution containing the element barium is then injected into the colon through the rectum. After the barium lines the large intestine, an X-ray of the colon and rectum is taken. The barium will appear white on the X-ray and tumors and polyps will appear as dark outlines.

If a colon cancer diagnosis is made after a biopsy, doctors will often order chest x-rays, ultrasounds, or CT scans of the lungs, liver, and abdomen to see how far the cancer has spread. It is also not uncommon for a doctor to test blood for CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) - a substance produced by some cancer cells.

Colon cancer prognosis

After a diagnosis is made, doctors determine the stage of the cancer. The stage determines which choices will be available for treatment and informs prognoses.

The standard cancer staging method is called the TNM system:

Colon cancer stages
  • T - indicates the size and direct extent of the primary tumor, or degree of invasion into the intestinal wall
  • N - indicates the degree to which the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
  • M - indicates whether the cancer has metastasized to other organs in the body

A small tumor that has not spread to lymph nodes or distant organs may be staged as (T1, N0, M0), for example.

Colon cancer is also staged from 0 to IV, derived from the TNM classification.

Stage 0 is written as (Tis, N0, M0) where "Tis" stands for carcinoma in situ. This is when the tumor has not grown beyond the inner layer of the colon or rectum and has not invaded deeper tissues nor spread outside of the colon.

Stage IV is written as (Any T, Any N, M1) and describes cancer that has spread to distant sites and other organs throughout the body.

Causes of colon cancer

Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path of growth, division, and death. Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die.

Programmed cell death is called apoptosis, and when this process breaks down cancer results. Colon cancer cells do not die in the normal way, but instead, continue to grow and divide.

Although scientists do not know exactly what causes these cells to behave this way, they have identified several potential risk factors:

Diagram of colon cancer and polyp
The large intestine

1) Polyps

Colon cancer usually derives from precancerous polyps that exist in the large intestine. The most common types of polypsare:

  • Adenomas: can become cancerous but are usually removed during colonoscopy
  • Hyperplastic polyps: rarely become colon cancer
  • Inflammatory polyps: usually occur after inflammation of the colon (colitis) and may become cancerous

2) Genes - the DNA type

Cells can experience uncontrolled growth if there is damage or mutations to DNA, and therefore, damage to the genes involved in cell division.

Cancer occurs when a cell's gene mutations make the cell unable to correct DNA damage and unable to commit suicide. Similarly, cancer is a result of mutations that inhibit certain gene functions, leading to uncontrollable cell growth.

3) Genes - the family type

Cancer can be the result of a genetic predisposition that is inherited from family members. It is possible to be born with certain genetic mutations or a fault in a gene that makes one statistically more likely to develop cancer later in life.

4) Traits, habits, and diet

Age is an important risk factor for colon cancer; around 90 percent of those diagnosed are over 50. Colon cancers are more likely to occur in people with sedentary lifestyles, obese people, and those who smoke tobacco.

Diet is an important factor associated with colon cancer. Diets that are low in fiber and high in fat, calories, and red meat and processed meats increase the risk of developing colon cancer.

In fact, Western diets increase the risk of colon cancer compared with diets found in developing countries. Heavy alcohol consumption may also increase the risk of colon cancer. Being overweight and physically inactive are also risk factors for developing colon cancer.

5) Other medical factors

There are several diseases and conditions that have been associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. Diabetes, acromegaly (a growth hormone disorder), radiation treatment for other cancers, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease all increase the risk of colon cancer.

Symptoms of colon cancer

Cancer symptoms are quite varied and depend on where the cancer is located, where it has spread, and how big the tumor is.

It is common for people with colon cancer to experience no symptoms in the earliest stages of the disease. However, when the cancer grows, symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Changes in stool consistency
  • Narrow stools
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
  • Pain, cramps, or gas in the abdomen
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Continual urges to defecate
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Iron deficiency (anemia)

If the cancer spreads, or metastasizes, additional symptoms can present themselves in the newly affected area. Symptoms of metastasis ultimately depend on the location to which the cancer has spread, and the liver is the most common place of metastasis.

Diagnosis of colon cancer

In order to diagnose colon cancer, physicians will request a complete physical exam as well as personal and family medical histories. Diagnoses are usually made after the physician conducts a colonoscopy or a barium enema x-ray.

A colonoscopy is a procedure where a long, flexible tube with a camera on one end is inserted into the rectum to inspect the inside of the colon. If polyps are found in the colon, they are removed and sent to a pathologist for biopsy - an examination under a microscope that is used to detect cancerous or precancerous cells.

A barium enema begins with the patient not eating or drinking several hours before the procedure. A liquid solution containing the element barium is then injected into the colon through the rectum. After the barium lines the large intestine, an X-ray of the colon and rectum is taken. The barium will appear white on the X-ray and tumors and polyps will appear as dark outlines.

If a colon cancer diagnosis is made after a biopsy, doctors will often order chest x-rays, ultrasounds, or CT scans of the lungs, liver, and abdomen to see how far the cancer has spread. It is also not uncommon for a doctor to test blood for CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) - a substance produced by some cancer cells.

Colon cancer prognosis

After a diagnosis is made, doctors determine the stage of the cancer. The stage determines which choices will be available for treatment and informs prognoses.

The standard cancer staging method is called the TNM system:

Colon cancer stages
  • T - indicates the size and direct extent of the primary tumor, or degree of invasion into the intestinal wall
  • N - indicates the degree to which the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
  • M - indicates whether the cancer has metastasized to other organs in the body

A small tumor that has not spread to lymph nodes or distant organs may be staged as (T1, N0, M0), for example.

Colon cancer is also staged from 0 to IV, derived from the TNM classification.

Stage 0 is written as (Tis, N0, M0) where "Tis" stands for carcinoma in situ. This is when the tumor has not grown beyond the inner layer of the colon or rectum and has not invaded deeper tissues nor spread outside of the colon.

Stage IV is written as (Any T, Any N, M1) and describes cancer that has spread to distant sites and other organs throughout the body.

Causes of colon cancer

Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path of growth, division, and death. Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die.

Programmed cell death is called apoptosis, and when this process breaks down cancer results. Colon cancer cells do not die in the normal way, but instead, continue to grow and divide.

Although scientists do not know exactly what causes these cells to behave this way, they have identified several potential risk factors:

Diagram of colon cancer and polyp
The large intestine

1) Polyps

Colon cancer usually derives from precancerous polyps that exist in the large intestine. The most common types of polypsare:

  • Adenomas: can become cancerous but are usually removed during colonoscopy
  • Hyperplastic polyps: rarely become colon cancer
  • Inflammatory polyps: usually occur after inflammation of the colon (colitis) and may become cancerous

2) Genes - the DNA type

Cells can experience uncontrolled growth if there is damage or mutations to DNA, and therefore, damage to the genes involved in cell division.

Cancer occurs when a cell's gene mutations make the cell unable to correct DNA damage and unable to commit suicide. Similarly, cancer is a result of mutations that inhibit certain gene functions, leading to uncontrollable cell growth.

3) Genes - the family type

Cancer can be the result of a genetic predisposition that is inherited from family members. It is possible to be born with certain genetic mutations or a fault in a gene that makes one statistically more likely to develop cancer later in life.

4) Traits, habits, and diet

Age is an important risk factor for colon cancer; around 90 percent of those diagnosed are over 50. Colon cancers are more likely to occur in people with sedentary lifestyles, obese people, and those who smoke tobacco.

Diet is an important factor associated with colon cancer. Diets that are low in fiber and high in fat, calories, and red meat and processed meats increase the risk of developing colon cancer.

In fact, Western diets increase the risk of colon cancer compared with diets found in developing countries. Heavy alcohol consumption may also increase the risk of colon cancer. Being overweight and physically inactive are also risk factors for developing colon cancer.

5) Other medical factors

There are several diseases and conditions that have been associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. Diabetes, acromegaly (a growth hormone disorder), radiation treatment for other cancers, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease all increase the risk of colon cancer.

Symptoms of colon cancer

Cancer symptoms are quite varied and depend on where the cancer is located, where it has spread, and how big the tumor is.

It is common for people with colon cancer to experience no symptoms in the earliest stages of the disease. However, when the cancer grows, symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Changes in stool consistency
  • Narrow stools
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
  • Pain, cramps, or gas in the abdomen
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Continual urges to defecate
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Iron deficiency (anemia)

If the cancer spreads, or metastasizes, additional symptoms can present themselves in the newly affected area. Symptoms of metastasis ultimately depend on the location to which the cancer has spread, and the liver is the most common place of metastasis.

Diagnosis of colon cancer

In order to diagnose colon cancer, physicians will request a complete physical exam as well as personal and family medical histories. Diagnoses are usually made after the physician conducts a colonoscopy or a barium enema x-ray.

A colonoscopy is a procedure where a long, flexible tube with a camera on one end is inserted into the rectum to inspect the inside of the colon. If polyps are found in the colon, they are removed and sent to a pathologist for biopsy - an examination under a microscope that is used to detect cancerous or precancerous cells.

A barium enema begins with the patient not eating or drinking several hours before the procedure. A liquid solution containing the element barium is then injected into the colon through the rectum. After the barium lines the large intestine, an X-ray of the colon and rectum is taken. The barium will appear white on the X-ray and tumors and polyps will appear as dark outlines.

If a colon cancer diagnosis is made after a biopsy, doctors will often order chest x-rays, ultrasounds, or CT scans of the lungs, liver, and abdomen to see how far the cancer has spread. It is also not uncommon for a doctor to test blood for CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) - a substance produced by some cancer cells.

Colon cancer prognosis

After a diagnosis is made, doctors determine the stage of the cancer. The stage determines which choices will be available for treatment and informs prognoses.

The standard cancer staging method is called the TNM system:

Colon cancer stages
  • T - indicates the size and direct extent of the primary tumor, or degree of invasion into the intestinal wall
  • N - indicates the degree to which the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
  • M - indicates whether the cancer has metastasized to other organs in the body

A small tumor that has not spread to lymph nodes or distant organs may be staged as (T1, N0, M0), for example.

Colon cancer is also staged from 0 to IV, derived from the TNM classification.

Stage 0 is written as (Tis, N0, M0) where "Tis" stands for carcinoma in situ. This is when the tumor has not grown beyond the inner layer of the colon or rectum and has not invaded deeper tissues nor spread outside of the colon.

Stage IV is written as (Any T, Any N, M1) and describes cancer that has spread to distant sites and other organs throughout the body.

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